Boca Rio Golf Club
Green Keeper: Robert Randquist
Like Scotland, coastal Florida possesses two essential ingredients for great golf: sandy soil and wind. Unfortunately, unlike Scotland, it possesses relatively mundane topography. There are exceptions such as Seminole Golf Club where Ross’s brilliant routing makes the most of the high ridges that form the east-west perimeter of the course. The picture from the elevated fourth green across the course and out to the Atlantic Ocean is one of pure golf and is an idyllic one at that. The sense of getting away from it all is complete.
Conversely, the balance of golf in Florida makes many traditionalists shutter. Zooming in a cart from one green to the next tee by passing between a row of condominiums robs the golfer of any sense of a connection with nature. And with the vast majority of Florida courses either resort or residential based, the game of golf rarely comes first.
However, there are a few places where golf still holds center stage, with one of the most famous being Pine Tree Golf Club, thanks in part to Ben Hogan’s 1962 proclamation about it being the greatest flat course in the world. In this age of dumbed down courses, Pine Tree still stands as the rigorous challenge that Dick Wilson intended and it attracts professional golfers as dues paying members to this day.
Not more than twenty minutes from Pine Tree, there is a similar 7,100 yard course whereby the golfer must drive the ball long and accurately, possess a strong aerial iron game, and be adept at recovering from green-side bunkers. The name of the course? Boca Rio Golf Club, but because Hogan never uttered a famous quote about it and because its 150 man membership prefers its privacy, few have heard of it.
However, many golf professionals in the Boca Raton – Palm Beach area appreciate its value, starting with its first head professional, Tommy Armour. Situated four miles from the ocean on a 195 acre block of land, Boca Rio has been strictly a golf club since its inception in 1967 ( five years after Pine Tree opened). There are no houses, swimming pools or tennis courts to contend with – the golfer is free to focus on his game.
Abe Deitch, an avid golfer from Pittsburgh and the driving force behind the formation of Boca Rio, was adamant when he selected Robert Van Hagge in 1967 to build a thorough and exacting test. To Von Hagge’s credit, he didn’t fall back on the excessive use of water to accomplish that goal. Unlike other architects who rely on water as a crutch to lend their design’s interest, Von Hagge only has water hard by the 1st and 17th greens. With just a few exceptions like to the right of the 18th fairway, there is little water in play on the entire course, making it a great relief from modern designs like Old Marsh where water seems a constant threat. Combined with the minimal use of rough, little time is wasted in searching for one’s ball.
Finishing a round with the ball that one started with is a joy often reserved for the older, traditional courses associated with the northeast and midwest of the United States. Yet, the design of Boca Rio possesses other similarities with such traditional courses. Take its practical use of mounds for instance.
Countless courses (many in Florida) have rows of mounds that run parallel to the fairways. They offer no strategic value and often times don’t even hide the cart paths. The best that can be said of them is that sometimes they block out houses. Of course, the use of mounds in golf course design is over a century old in the United States but the mounds employeed by Walter Travis at Garden City GC were in play, the mounds used by Ross to the left of the first green at Essex County were a different form of hazard, and the mounds used by Leeds between the second and thirteenth fairways at Myopia Hunt were used to cover up stones to save the expense of carting them away.
Thus, the use of mounds in a functional capacity has long standing merit and such is the case at Boca Rio. For instance, the State of Florida decried that the noxious weed Brazilian Pepper Tree, Australian Pine Tree and Malelucabe eradicated. As a start, the club embarked on a program to rid the course of 90% of its interior Pepper Trees. However, the sheer volume of trees would have meant a removal bill of several hundred thousand dollars, far in excess of any budgeted amount. Thus, Pat Mucci Jr., the Green Committee Chairman at the time, suggested that a particular lake (that is out of play) be expanded and that the fill from the lake be used to cover the felled Pepper Trees. In a similar manner to Leeds at Myopia, much time and money was saved by the covering – as opposed to removal of- the unwanted debris.
Similarly, the board opted both to get rid of the marl under some fairways as it didn’t let the water permeate through and to kill its ormand fairways which had a purplish hue when dormant during the winter. Menthol bromide was used to kill the existing fairways, which were then covered with thousands of yards of plastic strips. When the club was ready to plant the 419 bermuda, the question became what to do with the plastic strips. Once again, the same Green Committee Chairman suggested burying them. A very attractive sand dune complex was created behind the 8th green and the thousands of yards of plastics were forever buried underneath.
Other functional uses of mounds include one in the right side of the eighteenth fairway. If the player is willing to flirt with the water hazard to the right of the fairway, he is rewarded by hitting a ‘turbo-boost’ mound, which will propel his ball another 20 yards forward and open up the best angle into the green. Another use of a mound that is directly in play occurs two paces off the 1st green. Depending on how the ball catches it,the mound can send the ball either right and onto the green or left and into the lake.
Another attribute of the design is Von Hagge’s routing. The 1st and 2nd holes and 10th and 11th holes are the only consecutive long holes that head in the same direction, leaving the golfer to continually reassess the wind and its direction.
Having played on the PGA Tour, Von Hagge has a sense for what constitutes good golf at a high level. Just asPete Dye is fond of doing, Von Hagge asks the golfer on several holes to work the ball one way off the tee and the other way on his approach shot. For instance,the 410 yard fifth hole bends to the left but then the green is angled from front left to back right and suites a fade approach. The better player will relish the chance to show off his skill at Boca Rio, as we see below.
Holes to Note
First hole, 495 yards; Given the limited play, this reachable three shotter makes for an ideal start. The fairway is a full 45 paces wide and encourages all golfers to hit it. As makes perfect sense, the shot is the least taxing on the course. The plot then gets interesting as a golfer can a) have a go for the green in two, which is complicated by a grove ofcypress trees 100 yards shy of the green b) lay up beside the lake that borders the left side of the green and be left with a simple 90 yard pitch or c) ignore the lake altogether by laying back further and accepting a 130 yard shot in. If you are trying to ease into the round, the hole gives you the latitude to do so. If you spent time on the practice field beforehand and want to get the round off to a quick start, you can attempt that too. A great 19th hole as well, given its options.